When dealing with economics, we are confronted by a large array of interdependent static and dynamic variables. A change in one effects changes in all, which in turn affect the variable first changed, through its interdependence with the rest.

Cybernetics is perhaps most appropriate for the treatment of economic matters.  ... Read more

Budget Balancing Methods – Cost or Gain?

Measures to reduce expenditure and increase revenue raising by governments will often be seen in current economic terms as “costs” to the nation. But if seen in the light of the ideas put forward in the post about “Costs – What Really Costs Us and What Doesn’t?” they are economic gains.  ... Read more

Twirly Light Globes and Hummers

Unless we liberate ourselves from this obsession with big single-occupant cars and become obsessed instead with logic and practicality, the fight against global warming will fail

Expenditure on Weapons

Huge sums are spent by governments on weapons and troops, particularly in certain countries. There are two remedies for this drain on government expenditure, one long-term and one short-term.

The long-term answer lies in the evolution of the world community towards political and economic unity – that is unity in the cooperative rather than in the monolithic sense.  ... Read more

Borrowing to Invest to Get Rich

Governments in many less perfluent countries have borrowed thousands of millions of dollars in attempting to achieve permanent increases in the level of national economic activity and living standards.

The belief was that by borrowing “wealth” from the “rich” nations, they would be able to use it to generate more “wealth” of their own, enough to pay back the original “wealth” with interest and still leave enough to make their own country permanently wealthier.  ... Read more

Environment versus Economic Progress

The fierce conflicts between conservationists on one side and workers, industrialists, and some politicians on the other arise from a misconception.

Both parties in fact desire the same goal – economic well-being. But the latter and many of the former believe that environmental conservation and economic progress are conflicting aims, between which a balance or compromise must be found.  ... Read more

Solar Energy – a Special Case

The term solar energy means not only the direct radiant energy of the sun, but also its stored forms – plants, animals, fossil fuels.

The sun’s radiant energy is not a resource, but the result of throughput of a resource – that being the sun’s matter.  ... Read more

Visual and Noise Pollution

In terms of physically damaging, poisoning, or depleting the earth’s living environment, there are no such things as visual or noise pollution.

These are red herrings in the sense that, for example, people who object to the noise of rock music, traffic, or children at play, or object to the replacement of an ornamental old building by a stark new one, feel entitled to attach their cause to the environmental cause (feeling licensed by the use of the word “pollution” in describing what they object to), thereby distracting attention from issues of real importance to the living environment and diverting energy that should go into resolving those issues in the environment’s favour.  ... Read more

When will the Economy get Back to ‘Normal’?

Someone asked me the other day if I thought the world economy would get back to ‘normal’ this year.

By ‘normal’ this person meant the familiar unsustainable economic pattern of ever-growing consumption. I explained that this might well happen for a while, but because it was not sustainable it would run into trouble and be stalled again in some way, as it was late in 2008 and has been before in recent history.  ... Read more

Supply-side Economics and the Laffer Curve

So-called “Reaganomics” practiced during the 1980’s by the Reagan Administration in the USA was nothing more than a distorted Keynesian Great Depression policy practiced in the wrong context.

The theory was that large tax cuts would boost economic activity by giving people more money to spend on goods and services.  ... Read more

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